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If you have any further questions regarding zoning, here are a few of things you can do:

Come down to the Building and Zoning Department at the Wise County Courthouse for person-to-person support.

Send us your question via Email.

Call the Zoning Administrator or a Representative of the Building Department at (276) 328-7119.

 

Building & Zoning – Zoning Ordinance Explained

Wise County, VA Zoning Ordinance Text

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF ZONING?

The purpose of "zoning" is to promote the health, safety, and general welfare of the public and is done by giving reasonable consideration to each of the following purposes, where applicable:

  1. To provide for adequate light, air, convenience of access and safety from fire, flood and other dangers;
  2. To reduce or prevent congestion in the public streets;
  3. To facilitate the creation of a convenient, attractive and harmonious community;
  4. To facilitate the provision of adequate police and fire protection, disaster evacuation, civil defense, transportation, water, sewerage, flood protection, schools, parks, forests, playgrounds, recreational facilities, airports and other public requirements;
  5. To protect against destruction of or encroachment upon historic areas;
  6. To protect against one or more of the following: overcrowding of land, undue density of population in relation to the community facilities existing or available, obstruction of light and air, danger and congestion in travel and transportation or loss of life, health or property from fire, flood, panic or other dangers;
  7. To encourage economic development activities that provide desirable employment and enlarge the tax base;
  8. To provide for the preservation of agricultural and forestal lands and other lands of significance for the protection of the natural environment;
  9. To protect approach slopes and other safety areas of licensed airports, including United States government and military air facilities;
  10. To promote affordable housing; and To protect surface water and groundwater.

WHAT ARE THE ZONING DISTRICTS?

In Order to carry out the purposes of this Ordinance the following zoning districts have been established:

A-RR Agricultural-Rural Residential District
R-1 Single-Family Residential
R-2 General Residential District
B-1 Limited Business District
B-2 General Business District
M-1 Light Industrial District
M-2 Heavy Industrial District
FP Flood Plain Districts
Lonesome Pine Airport District
Conservation and Recreation District

WHAT DISTRICT IS MY PROPERTY IN?

The only way to identify the zoning district that an individual piece of property lies within is by locating the property on the "Official Zoning District Map of Wise County, Virginia". A representative of the Building and Zoning Department will be able to assist you in locating your property.

WHAT IF A USE IS PROHIBITED?

If the use planned is prohibited in the zone which applies to the site, it is possible to apply for rezoning. The likelihood of successfully changing the zoning designation for a site varies greatly. The primary consideration is the compatibility of the proposed change with surrounding uses. Zoning changes require a public hearing and the approval of the Planning Commission and Board of Supervisors.

WHAT IS A SPECIAL USE PERMIT?

The purpose of the Special Use Permit procedure is to provide a means for the Board of Supervisors to authorize, after review and subject to appropriate conditions, certain specified uses which, although generally appropriate in the district in which they are permitted by the Zoning Ordinance, have a potentially greater impact on neighboring properties that those uses which are permitted by right in the district. The special use procedure is intended to provide the opportunity for the Planning Commission and the Board of Supervisors to review of each proposed special use and its potential impacts on surrounding properties and land uses, with special regard for the particular circumstances of each use. It is also intended to provide an opportunity for the Planning Commission to recommend and for the Board of Supervisors to impose such conditions as are necessary to ensure that the use will be compatible with the surrounding area and consistent with the intent of the particular district and the purpose of the Zoning Ordinance.

WHAT IS A VARIANCE?

If some aspect of a proposed project does not conform with the development standards for the zone, it is possible to apply for a Variance. The purpose of issuing variances is not to allow exceptions to the development standards but rather to help achieve equal treatment for owners who would be disadvantaged by strict application of these standards. For more information on variances contact the Building and Zoning Department.

WHAT IS THE BOARD OF ZONING APPEALS?

The Board of Zoning Appeals is a four member Board that makes recommendations related to the application and enforcement of the Zoning Ordinance, as well as variation requests.

WHAT FEES CAN BE EXPECTED?

Zoning Permit - $25.00
Rezoning Fee - $100.00
Special Use Fee - $100.00
Variance Fee - $30.00

 
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